Langmuir, Irving

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b. 31 January 1881 Brooklyn, New York, USA
d. 16 August 1957 Falmouth, Massachusetts, USA
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American Nobel Prize winner in chemistry in 1932 who was responsible for a number of important scientific developments ranging from electric lamps, through a high-vacuum transmitting tube (for broadcasting) to a high-vacuum mercury pump for studies in atomic structure, in radar and the stimulation of artificial rainfall.
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Langmuir took a degree in metallurgical engineering at Columbia University School of Mines, and then a PhD in chemistry at Göttingen University in Germany. For much of his life he carried out research in physical chemistry at the General Electric Research Laboratory at Schenechtady, New York, where he remained until his retirement in 1950. One important result of his work there led to a great improvement in artificial illumination of homes. This was his development in 1913 of a much more efficient electric light bulb, which was filled with argon gas and had a coiled filament. The idea of using an inert gas was an old one, but it was not a viable proposition until a filament that could be coiled became available. Overall, Langmuir's lamp was more reliable than previous designs and gave a brighter light.
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Further Reading
Arthur A.Bright, 1949, The Electric Lamp Industry, New York: Macmillan. Floyd A.Lewis, 1961, The Incandescent Light, New York: Shorewood.
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Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

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  • Langmuir, Irving — born Jan. 31, 1881, Brooklyn, N.Y., N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 16, 1957, Falmouth, Mass. U.S. physical chemist. He received a Ph.D. from the University of Göttingen, Ger. As a researcher for General Electric (1909–50), he investigated electrical… …   Universalium

  • Langmuir , Irving — (1881–1957) American chemist Langmuir, who was born in Brooklyn, New York, studied metallurgical engineering at the Columbia School of Mines, New York. He then went on to do postgraduate work under Walther Nernst at Göttingen, where he obtained… …   Scientists

  • Langmuir,Irving — Lang·muir (lăngʹmyo͝or ), Irving. 1881 1957. American chemist. He won a 1932 Nobel Prize for his work in surface chemistry. * * * …   Universalium

  • Langmuir, Irving — ► (1881 1957) Fisicoquímico estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de Química en 1932, por sus descubrimientos en química de superficie. * * * (31 ene. 1881, Brooklyn, N.Y., EE.UU.–16 ago. 1957, Falmouth, Mass.). Fisicoquímico estadounidense. Obtuvo un …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Langmuir — Irving …   Scientists

  • Langmuir — Langmuir, Irving …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Irving Langmuir — Irving Langmuir. Irving Langmuir (Brooklyn, Nueva York, 31 de enero de 1881 – Woods Hole, Massachusetts, 16 de agosto de 1957) fue un físico y químico estadounidense conocido por su trabajo en distintos campos de la química y galardonado con el… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Irving Langmuir — (* 31. Januar 1881 in Brooklyn, New York; † 16. August 1957 in Woods Hole, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Chemiker und Physiker. Leben und Werk …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Langmuir — bezeichnet eine veraltete physikalische Einheit der Dosis D in der Oberflächenchemie, siehe Langmuir (Einheit). in der Physik eine spezielle Form der Sorptionsisothermen, siehe Langmuir Isotherme eine windgetriebene Zirkulation von Meerwasser,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LANGMUIR (I.) — LANGMUIR IRVING (1881 1957) Chimiste et physicien américain né à Brooklyn (New York) et mort à Falmouth (Massachusetts). Après des études de métallurgie à l’université Columbia, Irving Langmuir prépare sa thèse sous la direction de Walther Nernst …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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